In search of my McCreary-Magee-McGee Codd/Code Ancestors  in Lanark County, Ontario, Canada

To search Wicklow/Carlow CHURCH REGISTERS: CLICK HERE.

 

 
CLICK HERE
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SOURCES
 
 The  largest collection of Codd records from  Aghold I have seen  were provided by 90 year old George Codd around 2005


These records appear HERE. Every record from 1700 to 1860 has been abstracted on this page.
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Another large source of Codd records appears on the Halpenny Web Site which can be acceessed HERE. These sources overlap, of course.
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I'd like, here, to remember the painstaking work of  researcher Eileen Jackson, now deceased, who sees to have gotten this  effort started. Her long typed letters were famous, and turn up wherever I look for  original work.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 


Sorting Out the CODDs of Aghold Parish - and Other Mysteries

 This PAGE is a different approach to my Codds of Aghold Page - where I am more interested in tracing my own family. Here I  attempt, by connecting the dots between families and within the community at large, centred around St. Michael's Curch of Ireland in Aghold Parish, to create a picture which makes sense of their movement, en masse, in the years around 1820, like lemmings rushing towards the sea, to risk everything, in the quest of creating themselves anew. The land they dreamt of inhabiting has a name now - Canada - but in 1820 it was a vague representation of British North America - a place where they expected to feel safe
and to be accepted for who they were, and to regain the dignity of being a community - lost in that fateful summer of 1798.

I am, frankly, tired of connecting one faceless name to another - as if in doing so it led to  inderstanding  them as people. But, it's a task which needs to be completed - so we can move on from there - or get a flavour of them in the process. So let's do it!

I
f the truth be told, I'd be happier to come across, in the process, something that one or more of my people had written down - which, by explaining it from a personal place, and their part in it - would help me to explain myself - as someone standing, almost two centuries later, on the shoulders of those who risked and came.

 Perhaps that's why we read tombstone inscriptions - hoping for a glimpse of who these people were. In some measure I have not been disappointed. Had I not been looking, I would never have stumbled over an 18 year od girl's eloquent yet horrific  eyewitness acount of the attrocities at Bunclody, a stone's throw from Aghold, during the fateful summer of the Rebellion of 1798 - which set the backdrop for the exodus.


In acknowledgment of the hundreds of thousands of hours, spent by countless descendants to get some sense of their roots by linking one name to another, this page aims to  bring what has been collected into a unified picture, and by doing so, to answer questions which have eluded answering. As a reader, it is likely that you have some piece of the puzzle yourself - some ancestor you know about who is not listed here. And if you do, and if you send me that small puzzle piece, perhaps a picture will emerge. I don't, at this point, see official records ever being complete enough to accomplish what we wish. There will always be some missing - and some which were never created in the first place. But, if we work together, not in isolation, we can make a picture emerge.

For an elgant example of what can be done CLICK HERE.

Send me what you have! I'll gladly intgrate new information, especially details of a person already known on these pages -or someone who's been missed.


WARNING: This page is not for the casual  browser of genealogy material. It contains the names and links for several hundred individuals, many of whom have never been connected to each other before. With so much material, it will require extreme patience to sift through this page. Here, I put everything I know of on the table for scrutinizing - in hopes that one small linkage, one tidbit of information suppied by a reader will break a 50 year jogjam.

The RED print Where you see me shift into RED - this is meant to  suggest areas where additional research of a very focused nature would assist the process. I am especially interested in this information - because it has the capacity to provide answers to specific questions which have remained unanswered for years.

As you will soon see, I am convinced that there are more records to be found. There are a few entries in Aghold Church records for the 1790's - but a very few. It is obvious when one sees the holes in the family structures which begin about 1786 (the records are actually better before this time) that something is amiss. What is it?

The search for definitive answers to the question "Who were my ancestors, really?" has been the quest of several CODD descendants, myself included, for the last half century. The search, including trips to Ireland by several of the researchers (not me yet) have been impeded by missing records. Research in Ontario, Canada, were these Codds landed, includes finding records - and linking them back to families in Ireland. Even this approach has enjoyed only modest success.  In Carnew Parish, for example, where at least one branch of the family lived, all records prior to 1808 are missing - presumably because the Church of Ireland (Anglican) there was burned to the ground during the Rebellion of 1798.

EXAMPLE OF LONG-UNANSWERED QUESTIONS The missing records - gaps in the continuity - have led to incorrect conclusions - in my experience - or no conclusions at all. As an example, we see one Henrietta Codd (? b. 1803 ) -  presumed, in one family tree to have been the daughter of  George Codd b.c. 1785-1795) and Mary Blackburn - but  with the author of the George Codd Family Tree hesitant to place her there. It is my hope that this page will result in our pooling information we have, so that mysteries like this one - which remains unsolved,  can eventually be cleared up.

Two Codd lines at Aghold Parish?

But this is just the more visible tip of the iceberg. Records at Aghold Parish (St. Michael's Church of Ireland)  are notably sparse or absent during the period of 1785 to about 1804. During this crucial period two Codd lines appear in Aghold, one beginning with John Codd b.c. 1727 who married Mary Singleton in 1752, and another beginning with James Codd (1705-1763) - whose parents were Abraham and Margaret - and his wife Ann (some researchers have named her Ann James) who married about 1732. When I say "beginning with" here, I am only saying that records which predate these names are notably absent - and may represent the time, around 1700 when the Protestant Codds of Wexford County moved west to locate at Aghold and surrounding district.

Current DNA evidence suggests that there were two more or less distinct lines, but we have not reached the point where one of the lines has been definitively hived off from the other. It is hoped with more testing, and more clumping of the known Codds into families from the same root, that answers which have previously been vague - will firm up.

Codds At Aghold Parish AFTER the Rebellion

My current effort will be to add some order to the Codd families after the time when the records went missing - i.e. after 1800. The first question, particularly important to researchers who continue to visit Ireland for answers, is "Did the records really go missing?" Some did (as in Carnew - see the ruined church here) but famed researcher Eileen Jackson (now deceased) found Aghold Codd records at Tullowphelim Parish - and I don't believe these have ever been fully listed for our current use.

Where are the Missing Records?

In addition, when one begins to sort, it becomes apparent that because land was at a premium, some of the Codd family were forced to look elsewhere for farms as new generations produced more sons than the small acreages (usually ten acres or less) would support. We see some Codds who continued to have a presence at Aghold, listing their residence at Rath, for instance, which, as things were organized, belonged to a different Diocese (Tullow or Rathvilly.) Rath was just northwest of the borders of Aghold, along the road to Tullow - and Liscolman where other Codds located, was just a little further way to the north, but also, in the way things were organized at the time - in a different Parish. The same is true of some Codd families who moved across the line to the East into another segment of Tullow/Carlow called St. Mullins. If the Aghold (and Carnew) area itself is "mined out" for names (and it may be) there may still be other Parishes worth researching, if we are to add names to fill in the obvious blanks which keep us from being complete.

The excerpt from the Parliamentary Gazetteer on the right alludes to how the parishes were organized in the mid 19th century. I have blown up the relevant section of the Gazetteer below to point to this.



In fact, such records do exist at Tullowephelim at least. . They have been researched by Annette Code in 2008 - revealing at least some of the missing CODD family, and allowing us to gradually piece together a more accurate picture of their story.

Conjectural or Forensic Genealogy - a Warning!

The following is an attempt to cluster 30+ families made up of 160+ Codd individuals whose names have been culled from St. Michael's Church records and IGI files into more workable units. I also include links to the seven Codd families found at Carnew. Some (perhaps most) people who do research solely by copying from source documents will be shocked that I would put such a conjectural formulation forward, but these unlinked families have been a stumbling block for years. What I have found, is that when I publish these conjectures, it allows people who have information to add or to dispute the way I have listed things - gain a more definitive appreciation of just where documentation is missing - and over the years I have received several additional tidbits of information which would never have surfaced otherwise. Please take these conjectures with a grain of salt - but don't throw the baby out with the bathwater. This may be a way to integrate diverse tidbits into a more complete whole - but only if you let me know where I am wrong and where you are right. I guarantee that I will add your corrections!

DNA TESTING OF CODD FAMILIES

I have been told that recently-discovered differences between DNA tests of the CODD families of Aghold may not, as suggested here, represent different family lines - but what is euphoniously labelled by the DNA folks as a "nonpaternal event" - meaning that someone who was assumed to be the father of an individual - was not the real father. Until more testing is done - which we hope will happen with your cooperation - let's keep open the possibilty of two Codd lines.



Codds at Aghold Parish 1824

By 1824, the first wave of Codds to emigrate to Canada had left (c. 1820). No one has definitively determined what initiated their departure - but following the Rebellion of 1798, the Codds, who had been loyalists, and already a century before had been compelled to move out of Catholic Wexford County - were on the move again. Many had become Wesleyan Methodists - but others who left remained with the Church of England.  A family member, Jane Codd (b. 1765) had located in Kitley Township in 1817 with her husband William Dagg (which became Dack.)  My ancestor, Thomas Codd (1773-1852) had located in Lanark Township, Lanark County and Joseph Codd and his wife Mary (perhaps also a Codd) had also located at nearby Kitley Township, Leeds County - along with an unknown William Codd, who arrived with wife and three young children, and who later apparently moved on. By 1822,  George Codd b. 1796-9 had located at Beckwith Twp. along with a Dowdall family from Aghold who had married into the Codd line. Abraham Codd b.c. 1785 (or possibly in the 1790's) from Aghold and his wife Elizabeth Fulham and their children were established at Ramsay Township.

UNSOLVED CODD MYSTERIES FROM THIS ERA

 1.) John and Sarah Dowdall settled Beckwith Twp.  c. 1824 (see CENSUS) Sarah Dowdall had been born Sarah Codd. Varying reports of her birthdate have surfaced. It appears likely to have been between 1774 and 1794. No such Sarah Codd record exists at Aghold. Depending on the true birthdate, she was either an aunt or sister of George Codd (1796-1890) of Beckwith Con. 12 Lot  3 (later moved to Con. 11 Lot 4). No record exists at Aghold for George Codd either. There is a Sarah Codd of unknown parentage who was married at Carnew in 1811. Her likely parents were Thomas Codd/Elizabeth? of Ballingate - and she would possibly have been born in the right era.

2.) Richard Evans (1800-1874) (Evans being a surname known at Aghold) settled Ramsay Twp. Con. 1 Lot 20, December 6th 1822 (same date as George Codd settled Beckwith). His wife was Rachel Codd b. 1794 d. 1879). No Rachel Codd of this date is recorded at Aghold. She could have been a sister or cousin of George Codd (above.) IGI reports a Rachel b. 1798 at Carnew with no other information. Other Rachel Codd's of this era are accounted for (Rachel 1805 of Thomas/Elizabeth, Rachel 1806 of Abraham/Mary)

3.) William Codd b. 1813 at Carnew (son of William b. 1786 and Hanna) arrived "with an uncle" in the 1820-30 period. William Sr. has never been traced to a definitive family in Aghold or Carnew - nor is it clear which Codd brought William Jr. - and was his uncle.

4.) A William Codd with a wife and three children under 12 arrived in Kitley Twp.  at the same time as Joseph Codd (1784 -  )  in 1824 and was recorded in the Census until about 1849. This family then disappears from the Kitley records. Joseph's children's births are recorded at Aghold - but no births for children of a William Codd are recorded in the same period ( 1812-1824) at Aghold or at Carnew.
With the discovery of a William Codd baptized by William and Mary CODD at Tullowphelim in 1794, we have a credible candidate for this William Codd.

5.) The Henriettta Codd (1803-   ) identity used as an example above as seen in one family tree published on the internet. Could she have been a daughter of George/Mary(Blackburn) Codd ?

 The Codds Remaining at Aghold Parish After the early Migration

Below, we see the Codds who remained in 1824-5 - along with some Twamleys - two families with several intermarriages over the years. In perspective, it's not that these Codds were more prominent than other Aghold families - though perhaps the Twamleys were - as they seemed also to intermarry with the petty aristocracy of the times.



N.B. The above map derives from records found in the Fitzwilliam Records around 1824-7 (Earl Fitzwilliam being the owner of all of the property at Aghold - not the record of tithepayers for 1824-25 - which notably does not have a William Codd  of Mullahullen on it. This would suggest that William Codd who was at Mullahullen some time in 1824 - was the same William Codd who showed up in Kitley Twp. Leeds County in 1824.

From the Fitzwilliam records again, in 1827 we see John Codd at Boley (22 acres) and Joseph Codd 17 acres - with neither appearing as tenants by 1839. Since John Codd (George/Rachel) b. 1769 was born at Boley, it makes sense that this is the same John - who appears to be the John Codd b. 1769 who married Ann (see below). Yet in the Boley Tithes Allotment of 1824-5 only a few years earlier, we see neither John nor Joseph - nor any other Codd as a tithepayer at Boley. As many times as I've loked at this - I have absolutely no explanation!


Who was Joseph Codd (b. c. 1790)?

As Joseph (Abraham/Mary) had emigrated in 1824, the remaining Joseph or Josephs at Aghold in 1827 would have been ....



There were, perghaps,  two Joseph Codds in this era. Elizabeth could not have been the first wife of Joseph and Eleanor the second. Joseph and Eleanor married on Feb. 11 1811 - at Aghold - before Joseph and Elizabeth baptized Ann on Oct, 25th 1811. The only possibility that there was only one Joseph is that Ann died in childbirth, Joseph remarried right away, and that the baptsm occurred later.

Eleanor was from Carnew and almost certainly daughter of Thomas (1767-1840). Joseph(Eleanor) would have been born about 1790 (IGI says "about 1786"- but disagrees with Church records which say he was from Aghold - not Carnew.) The most we can say, without having identified the parents of either Joseph is that neither was Joseph ( bapt. 22 June 1784) to Abraham/Mary or Joseph (1798 Carnew) who m. (1822) Rachel (1796) of Aghold. We can "guess" that  Rachel (1796) was Joseph (Ellen)'s sister (two Codd Aghold-Carnew marriages. ) We can also guess (Irish Naming Pattern) that Joseph's father was John, as John and Ellen had a son John within a year of marrying - and we know that her father was Thomas (1767-1840). Rachel, Joseph's "tentative" sister - also named her first son John in 1823 - again within a year of marrying. John 1769 and Ann's children (below) are incompletely reported in the Aghold records. John  (1823 Carnew) later (1861) m. Sarah, daughter of George of Beckwith - who could possibly have been Rachel's brother.

I think it fair to say that no conclusion can currently be reached here.



The Codds of Munny (6+ families - 45 individuals )

Munny (also spelled Money) was at the eastern limits of Aghold Parish. This is the easiest family cluster to hive off - though not by any means - creating a definite picture - as the Munny Codds could well have been a mixture of the two lines at Aghold. Munny is geographically directly south of Rath and Liscolman and connected by road to Leany in Moyacomb Townland in St. Mullins Parish to the south - and to Tullowclay in the  east - where some Codds located - and bordered by Killinure Townland in the north - whose population moved in mass to Camden, Ontario in the 1840's - assisted, it would seem by the  Fitzwilliam family who owned the land. In the 1820s all of this area was deemed to be in Carlow County - while later it would be a part of Wicklow County. One's county was an important marker of one's origins - and most of the early Codds would have indicated that they came from Carlow - which would be incorrect by today's county borders.



St. Michael's Church Registry Book entries which may relate to the above Chart

1794 Thomas of Thomas and Elizabeth Codd Nov. 8 1794 ( I have noted this as 1793)
1803 Richard of Thomas and Elizabeth Codd Feb. 12th 1803 (noted above as 1801)
1804 James of Thomas and Elizabeth Codd - born Feb. 20 1803 (see above)
1806 Rachel daugh of Thomas and Elizabeth Codd (mostly destroyed) (noted above as 1805)
1806 John son of John and Mary Codd bapt. Jan. 12th (noted above as 1804)
1836 John of John and Elizabeth Codd b. Sept 10 1836 bapt. Oct. 30 1836 (noted as 1837)
1836 Richard of Richard & Margaret Codd Oct. 8th 1836 bapt. Jan. 3 1839 (noted as 1838)
1839 Thomas of Richard and Margaret Codd  bapt. Jan. 10 1839 (noted at 1836)
1839 Rachel of John and Elizabeth Codd b. June 8th bapt. Sept. 11th 1839 (as above)
1840 Rachel of John and Elizabeth Codd of Mullahullen June 8th 1840. Witnesees: Martha Chamney and Edward ..... (unreadable)

These last two records show the difficulty of tracing families. I had originally placed Elizabeth Bolger as the wife of John Codd of Munny - but since I know that Martha Chamney was Martha Bolger (of Carnew) this places a John Codd-Elizabeth Bolger family at Mullahullen  in 1840. The 1839 "Monaghullen" Census Report prepared by Anne Burgess lists:

Abraham Codd b.c. 1780............ with his 80 year old mother b.c. 1760 and
Elizabeth Codd b.c. 1785


John and Elizabeth (Bolger) Codd must have been living with one or the other.


Discrepancies occur from using dates published by the International Genealogical Index (IGI) and in some cases from guestimates derived from self-report of ages (often inaccurate).


Commentary


Clearly, there are two Codd families at Munny headed by a Thomas and a John who were born in the 1760s. Was there a third family
who were having children around 1800
who parented George, Abraham and Thomas - and perhaps James ? While each of these individuals show up at Aghold as adults, there is no record of their births. They could be children of John Codd 1766-1841 - but no record exists which supports this. Thus I have not attributed these Codds to specific parents. Research needed:  parents of  James, George, Abraham and Thomas b. c 1800.  I have also had trouble  attributing Elizabeth b. 1817 to Thomas and Elizabeth of Munny as she falls outside the stream of children born to this couple. She could, in fact, be the child of Thomas (1773) and his wife Elizabeth Twamley (1774 or 1778) - and if so, she must have died before this family left for Canada around 1820. I think otherwise (see below).

This is one of the difficulties in using existant records. At the time Elizabeth Codd was born in 1817 - there were at least three Thomas-Elizabeth Codd pairings in the area - but the somewhat sparse records only indicated the first names of the parents - so a child could easily be attributed to the wrong family. Below we see this Elizabeth may be an important link to an undiscovered Thomas-Elizabeth pairing.

The dotted lines in the chart above indicate my discomfort in attributing the individuals to be sons of John Codd (1766-1841). There are no records which bear such an assumption out. Here one sees the value of locating records from the 1785-1803 era. IGI and George Codd has a Rachel Codd b. 1806 to Abraham and Mary Codd Feb. 9th 1806, while George Codd's records have another Rachel b. to Abraham and Jane Dec. 21st 1806. Either set of parents  could have been a third family at Munny- and thus the parents of James, George, Abrham and Thomas around the same date.

UNSOLVED CODD MYSTERIES FROM THIS ERA

1.) Who were the parents of  James, George, Abraham and Thomas who were giving birth around 1800?

One footnote on the Munny Codds is that few of them were seen among the emigrant families. One notable exception is a record of assisted emigration from Munny in 1848 of one John Codd age 33 (b. c. 1814) and his wife Sarah (b.c. 1817) along with a brother William b. 1825, a sister Jane b. c. 1826 - and a cousin John b.c. 1827.

Compare these names to those on one of the remaining stray family clusters from Aghold - on the right - and you will see just how difficult it is to determine exact matches. Are these two sources of information referring to the same family? I have come down on the side of fence which concludes that they weren't the same family, but first names are so recurrent and dates are so casualy stated that it's hard to know for sure. What we are left to conclude, however, is that there is no marriage record at Aghold for John b. 1814 and Sarah. Where, then, were they married?

We cannot afford to get stuck on this. By comparing the chart above to the chart, below, of the early Codd lines at Aghold, we can see the likely origins of the Munny Codds.



We can't say for sure that there were two Codd lines. We can only say that it looks likely. John Codd who married Mary Singleton appears to have been born before James and Ann married, and some records (IGI) suggest that James/Ann had a son John in 1747 (but he does not show up in Church records - and other brothers/sisters do). Of the two lines, even with the dates discrepancies - which are quite common in this era, I chose to attribute Thomas and John Codd of Munny to the John/ Mary Singleton line (Line #1).

The Lady Mary Lyndon Story

I think it's fair enough to challenge my decision here - so I will present the other evidence I have. Line #2  carried the  John Twamley-LADY Mary Lyndon story - in which the commoner, against all odds, marries a member of the gentry. This marriage is recorded - though not at Aghold - but at nearby Crosspatrick.  The story goes that three Codd brothers marry three Twamley sisters. One of these marriages appears in the Aghold Church records (George Codd m. Rachel Twamley Feb. 2 1764). The Abraham-Mary marriage appears in IGI and the Nauvoo File.
The Thomas-Elizabeth marriage, unfortunately, appears nowhere. Elizabeth Twamley b. 1774 or 1778 appears in Canada as the wife of Thomas Codd 1773 - and carries the title LADY. John Codd (1787-1867) who does not appear in the Aghold records, brings the story that he and three brothers, all grandsons of a Codd who married one of the Twamley sisters ventured out to Canada about 1817. And, he locates beside my Thomas 1773 (at Lanark Twp. Con. 12 Lots 3 and 4) - the Thomas whose wife carries the title - LADY. Dave Code, a descendant of John (1787-1867) has been DNA tested and has DNA which differs from the other three DNA testees - which have almost identical DNA. Line #2 descendants show up in Lanark County for the most part - though we know that Abraham-Mary's son, Joseph, went to Kitley in Leeds.


I have not recorded on the above chart two families recorded in the St. Michael's Registry records as neither is a sure fit with the above...



The Edward-Elizabeth pairing simply adds evidence to the suggestion that there were two families - with Edward being a likely brother of John (Mary Singleton). On the down side, neither Edward or Mathew (note spelling) of this era are seen in the Aghold records after this entry. The John-Elizabeth pairing is more difficult to integrate - as the known John of this era was having a child James with Mary Singleton in 1753. This could, however, with some record checking be a John-Elizabeth marriage with Elizabeth dying in childbirth, and John quickly moving on to marry Mary. Could Elizabeth* have been Mary's sister?

* IGI has only 1 Elizabeth Singleton match in this era - Elizabeth b. to William and Sarah Singleton 22 Apr. 1726 bapt. at St. Peter & St. Kevin in Dublin. But it is interesting that she had a sister Mary bapt. 27 Feb. 1723 at the same church. The sisters also had a brother William who was married (Hanna Davis) 24 Sept. 1752 at St. Peter & St. Kevin in Dublin The marriage date for John Codd and Mary Singleton is derived from IGI - as "about 1752" and not from St. Michael's records.


Of all known Codds at Aghold who were having children in the 1750-80's, only the three families below present difficulty in placing in a family line ....



Abraham Codd's children with Mary Twamley seem clearly clustered after 1776 - the date of their marriage according to IGI - but there is a Abraham-Mary marriage much prior to this with children with overlapping names John and Ann. I can't figure this out. Unless Abraham and Mary's children all died (we have a burial for George as a child) this pairing could be explaiined by there being two Abrahams in this era.

The Thomas Codd and the John Codd who each had a son Abraham in 1785 - could represent earlier marriages of John and Thomas who located at Munny. We need to acknowledge that infant and maternal mortality rates were very high in early 19th century Ireland. Antiseptic technique was still in the future, and so we see families which have only one child - at a time when large famlies were the norm. So, when we see these smaller family configurations, we are led to think that it is likely that we are seeing  perinatal deaths and the subsequent marriages to new spouses. This could explain these "strays."

There is also the possibility that John Codd (Mary) with a son Abraham in 1785 is the John who was born to Abraham (Mary) in 1758. We must keep this possibility open. As will be seen below, the subsequent Abraham Codds are hard to place.

Research Needed To Complete the 1700-1785 Period

Some family members in the chart above remain without recorded marriages or offspring. James Codd (James/Ann b. 1751) appears in the Nauvoo File to have had a son James, who could be one of the unaccounted for James's seen below. Thomas b. 1751 (James/Ann)  is "said to have" (family stories) married Elizabeth Twamley, sister of Rachel and Mary - who are on the chart - but no record of this marriage has been found. Perhaps this branch of the family relocated to Carnew where a Thomas appears at a later date. To check out the Carnew Codds CLICK HERE. We might also make an argument for this Thomas' family being found later at Rath (see below.)

Line # 1 may be complete. There are fewer holes in this Line - if any.  In Line #2, Jane Codd b. 1765 is accounted for. Jane married William Dagg (Dack) and produced 11 children, moving to Kitley Twp. in 1817 - and building an inn near present day Toledo (pictured on the right). Their marriage appears to be recorded at Carnew - not Aghold.


Jane
's brothers - all born at Boley Townland, include George b. 1767 and Abraham b. 1770 and Alexander b. 1771 (and likely Thomas b. 1773). I have not been able to trace them to a specific family at Aghold, but I make the conjecture below that John b. 1769 is the John Codd who married Ann _____, for reasons which I will go into below.

This leaves future researchers the task of finding out where George (1767), Abraham (1770) and Alexander (1771) ended up. At Aghold? Maybe - and maybe not.

John Codd b. 1769

The records for John and Ann's family leave much to be desired. While John and Ann were known leaseholders at Munahullen, passing the lease on, in 1808, to their third son Nicholas b. 1795 -  for some reason, perhaps simply the period in which records ended up elsewhere. We see no definite record of the first son or the second, or the fourth, who we know to be George Codd/Code who settled at Beckwith Twp. in 1822. I have placed Abraham Codd (Elizabeth Fulham) b. 1785 as the first son - but this is more to get him into John and Ann's family than anything else. Abraham, brother of George, located at Ramsay Twp. near George. His son, John b. 1819 died in a drowning accident there in 1849. So the best we know that he was likely born before 1802 - if he had a son in 1819.

The first son in this family appears to have been John, b. 1787-1867 - who appears at various locations in Lanark County, finally settling near Innisville (spouse Mary Ann Nugent). Tentatively, another son, Thomas, may also have emigrated to Lanark, later moving west. John's family, which intermarried with the Hopkins family from Aghold is well documented in The Codes of Perth*, available from the author, Dave Code.

* In The Codes of Perth, Dave tells the family story of four brothers, all grandsons of a daughter of the love-at-first-sight meeting of John Twamley (1715-1763) and Lady Mary Lyndon, who married in 1740. But - there were three daughters - Rachel, MaryElizabeth who married three Codd brothers - George, Abraham and Thomas. The Thomas-Elizabeth marriage is nowhere in the Aghold records - the known Abraham-Mary marriage about 1776 - is too late to have sired John b. 1787's father. Thus John's father must be a son of George and Rachel who were married in 1764 - with son's George 1767, John 1769, Abraham 1770, and Alexander 1771 (and probably Thomas 1773). Since there is little doubt that John's father was also John - he had to be John b. 1769. John Codd 1787-1867) set out for Canada about 1817 - with brothers Thomas, George and Abraham following - George 1796 becoming George of Beckwith Twp., Abraham becoming Abraham of Ramsay Twp. and Thomas leaving for the west. John finally settled near Innisville
  
Why have I chosen John b. 1769 to have been the father of this family? John 1787 carried with him the 1740 John Twamley-Lady Mary Lyndon marriage story, knowing his grandmother to have been a child of this marriage.  The latest date for a John to have fathered John b. 1787 is probably 17 years prior to this birth - i.e. before 1770. Simply speaking, as can be checked above, John, son of George and Rachel Codd is the only viable candidate, with John, son of Abraham and Mary in 1758 being a distant second.

RESEARCH: This family has been extensively researched. Despite all efforts, it's complete records remain unlocated. But this was the period when records at Aghold became few and far between. Another possibility is revealed in  the story that John 1787-1867 participated in the guard at the execution. of one of the ringleaders of the 1798 Rebellion in 1803 in Dublin. Could this family have resided in Dublin at one time or another?

I have developed another notion about John Codd and hs wife Ann. It has always been difficult in the earlier times to learn the identity of the brides family as they were not recorded until later. But the showng up" for the first time of the name NICHOLAS in the Codd family, makes me supcious that ANN was Ann Groves (father was Nicholas). Details of that conjecture appear here. In the other hand, there is no record of an Ann Groves.


We have now placed 16 of the approximately 30 families, and declared three nonplaceable - or "in limbo". Of the 150 Codd individuals, we have found a place for about 100 of them. We now  begin to look in the era after 1785 - which begins with a difficult period for records of some 20 years, and then opens up again with a whole generation in danger of being lost for our tree-building purposes. 

UNSOLVED CODD MYSTERIES FROM THIS ERA

1.) Where are the records of John and Ann's complete family? And what became of Nicholas?
There are no Nicholas Codd records at Aghold beyond that of his birth there.


The Codds of Rath*

Rath is not part of Aghold Parish for the purposes of Tithe Collections. It appears to be a hamlet (along with Rath East) situated along the road from Coolkenna to Tullow, just north of Killenure and Munny Townlands. At least one branch of the Codd family established itself here and continued to be adherents of St. Michael's Church. As it now seems (June 2008) members of this family were also baptized at Tullowphelim, and the discovery of these records by Annette Code adds considerably to what we know about this family branch.

*A "rath" - which is commonly used in name places in Ireland - is a  prehistoric stone ring fort.  There were several in the Aghold-Tullow area.  The most notable  is Rathvilly (seen on the right) - which means "stone fort of the old tree." Wicklow and Carlow are replete with prehistoric  remnants. The name Rath should not be confused with Rathvilly - which was both a town further to the northwest, and the name of the Diocese in which both were located. Rath is not in Aghold.

m. 1803Like the John-Ann CODD record above, the Tree on the left made up from Aghold records only - do not record this whole family. Since this community was divided between Aghold and Tullow Parish, we have now added a number of extra records. We were looking for the name of Thomas 1778-1853's wife, and birth records for offspring, which were previously not seen.

Annette Code found them.
We now have, all from Tullowphelim ...

Thomas Codd m. Anne Watchorn Nov. 15 1803. (this is undoubtedly Thomas (1778-1853)

Henry, son of Thomas and Ann Codd bapt. Dec. 21 1806.
Thomas, son of Thomas and Ann Codd bapt. March 5 1809.
Elizabeth, daughter to Thomas and Ann Coode June 16th 1811.
James, son of Thomas and Ann Coode May 9, 1813.

further to his...

Joseph, son of Edward and Francis Coode, bapt. Jan. 26th 1817
Edward, son of Edward and Francis Codd, bapt. Oct, 26th 1820
Edward, son of Edward and Francis Codd bapt. May 27 1822
George, son of Edward and Francis Codd, bapt. May 27th 1822
Richard, son of Edward and Frances Codd, bapt. 29 Feb. 1824

Are James 1816 and Thomas 1817 from a subsequent generation - or are they sons of Thomas 1778-1853? We don't have much to go on. We do see Henry and a William Codd in the Griffith's Valuations of 1853 - so we will be looking for a William here.

We have William of William and Mary who bapt. William in 1794 at Tullowphelim.

 James Codd (1816-1850) was, by the way, murdered in 1850, and buried at Aghold. Was he James, son of Thomas and Ann? Likely.

How does this alter the Aghold Tree of the Codds of Rath?



Certainly it adds in the "missing" Thomas - but it doesn't assure that this Thomas is the same one recorded at Aghold as Thomas (1817-1848) - but they may be the same person.

Nor does it assure that James (1816-1850) is the James b. 1813.

The Edward/Frances marriage may or may not be related to the Codds of Aghold or the Codds of Rath - or to Edward Codd who married Mary Collier.

 Thomas Codd of Rath (1778-1853) was an adherent of St. Michael's Church. His birth date of 1778 suggests he may have had a father born in the 1750-60 era. Was his father one of James-Ann Codd's sons, whose records are missing from our collection of records (see Records of George Codd HERE)?

John Codd
b. 1747, James Codd b. 1751, Thomas Codd b. 1751 are the candidates to have been Thomas (1778-1853)'s father.

UNSOLVED CODD MYSTERIES FROM THIS ERA

1.)
Who was the William who was recorded at Rath in the Griffith's Evaluation of 1853?

The Mystery Identity of John Codd of Mullahullen (1819-1897)

Researchers in Canada have searched for connections to John Codd (b.c. 1819) of Mullahullen whose marriage and death appear in available records - but his parents, his birth and those of his siblings are notably absent from any known records. John's two brothers - William "Sailor Bill" Code (1829) and Joseph "Tanner Joe" Code (1830) emigrated to North Elmsley Township around 1850. By good fortune, a nephew of John's, also named John Codd, son of his brother Thomas, came to Canada, looked up his uncles, and carried mail back to Ireland. William received an answer in 1870. The letter, which must have been a rarity at the time, mentions John Codd-Jane Leybourn's children - just as they are recorded at Aghold, and further mentions  "Uncle Joe" and "Aunt Rachel" Codd (Code) who had also emigrated to North Elmsley. Joseph Codd was from Carnew and Rachel Codd was from Aghold (two Codds married in Aghold in 1822.) Also mentioned were two other uncles William ____ and Henry _____ - who remain unidentified. There is no birth record of a Rachel Coddd c. 1798 at Aghold (though IGI has one christened in 1798 at Carnew).

A Family Tree for John Codd of Mullahullen would then look like this....



I have learned ( from family researcher, Vicki Little) that Joseph (1830) and William (1829), who came to Canada in the 1850's (1854 is the date I have) indicated that they had grown up at a farm owned/leased by the Bradell family - Bullingate House (sometimes spelled Ballingate) (which was nearer Carnew than Aghold). While we don't know whether they came out together, Joseph Codd b. 1798, who seems to have come out in 1849-50,  was known to be an uncle to Joseph and William, and we know  that they were settled near each other in North Elmsley Twp. Lanark County. We cannot be sure that they were grandsons of Thomas Codd (1767-1840) of Bullingate, but he was the only elder Codd there when the Tithe Applotment was recorded in 1827. The presumptive Codd Family Tree and some information about the Leybourn family and it's Codd connections is seen below.....




 CODD INTERMARRIAGES FROM THIS ERA

1.)  We have a Thomas b.c. 1793 to Thomas and Elizabeth at Munny (see above) whose family are quite well recorded at Aghold.. The thorny question is whether there were two Thomas's born around the same time (both married to an Elizabeth - who, over time have been hard to distinquish from each other.  The supportive evidence for two Thomas-Elizabeth pairings is that in 1824, there were a Thomas-Elizabeth paying tithes at Munny, and a Thomas paying tithes at Munahullen. (Records show Elizabeth as 55 - thus b. 1784 and living with one son and 2 daughters at Munahullen by 1839) .

In this case we might see a configuration something like the following....





On the Leybourn side we see some interesting data as well.  Jane (m. John Codd)'s sister Ellen Leybourn also marries a John Codd - and they have a child Joseph in 1851 - so it is not the same John Codd. Jane's parents were William Leybourn and Margaret Astleford. (see chart below)

Margaret
's sister Hannah married George Codd of Lower Munny and an Ann Astleford married Abraham Codd of Lower Munny. This is confusing because we know that Ann Astleford, sister of Hannah married William Dowling.  Another sister Ellen married John Groves, of Leany.

Jane Leybourn may have had a brother, or an uncle - John Leybourn who farmed at Boley (and recorded as having been a "head tennant there), but it is quite unlikely, on account of dates, that this was the John Leyburn who later emigrated to Canada with his brother Simon. These brothers were located at Logan Twp. near Mitchell, near where some of the Codd families from Beckwith Twp. ended up. On the left is an except from the map of Logan Twp. where John and Simon located. To view the whole map, CLICK HEREJohn's signature on a 1830 petition is seen  above. It is interesting that  one Thomas Coade b. Jan 23  1823 (whose parents have eluded discovery, emigrated to Mitchell in 1844 - where he would have been living, a very short distance from the Leyburns.

Thomas Coade
's family DNA matches the  DNA from  William Code (1813)'s family almost perfectly - but tenative parents have not been located to date.

John Codd (1819)'s brother, William (1829) and his wife Fanny, were sponsors at the baptisms of Thomas (1825) and Rachel Codd (1828-32)'s children - whose grandmother Rachel (b. 1798 Aghold), in later years lived near William (1813) and his wife Ann Wilton.

     Is there a match here?     

UNSOLVED CODD MYSTERIES FROM THIS ERA


1.) Was there a connection between Thomas Coade b. 1823 of Mitchell and the Leybourn brothers who had farms very close to Mitchell, Ontario? This Thomas has been placed in the same "lineage" as William Codd b. 1813 by DNA testing. The Leybourn brothers had an uncle - George Codd from Munny - who married their mother's sister Hannah Astleford b. 1793 in 1816. They also had a sister, Ellen (see below) who married a John Codd (of Mullahullen) at Aghold in the 1840's (son Joseph, b. 1849 chr. Feb. 9 1851.) I have positted that the father of John Codd who married Ellen Leybourn was Joseph Codd - but perhaps his father was Thomas - as seen on the right.  Thomas' son,  John Codd, by being the only recorded John born at Aghold in the 1820's, ( John b. March 14 1824 of Thomas and Ann).should be considered as a candidate.  Thomas and Bridget are recorded as baptizing a Thomas Dec. 22 1822 - while Thomas Coade lists his birth date as 15 Janary 1823 - a mere 24 days apart. William 1813's father William Codd b. 1786 - who shares the same DNA pattern with Thomas Coade, could fit in here - were all the records finally found.


The Codd, Groves, Astleford and Leybourn families of Aghold


The Astleford and Leybourn farms were side by side in Aghowle Townland close enough to both the Blackburn and George William Codd farms. As an aside, I will mention the information culled from the records about George (William) Codd/ Coad who came to Kitley Twp. in 1832.

George Codd/Coad (wife - Mary Blackburn)  arrived in Kitley Twp., Ontario in 1832. Joseph Codd and his wife Mary ______ had already arrived in 1824. A William Codd, as yet unidentified, was also resident in Kitley Twp. in 1824, with 1 male child and 2 female children, the same time as Joseph Codd arrived.

The relationship among these Codds has not been established and remains so. Even more intriguing was the arrival with one of these Codd families of WILLIAM CODD b. 1813, son of William (1786) and HannahCodd.
(1790- 1825)



George Codd
who m. Mary Blackburn (birth ? 1783), is variously said to have been born in 1783 or as late as 1794 (IGI). Their first verified child was Catherine Codd b. 1811-12 (though some researchers identify a Henrietta Codd in 1803). The age of George Codd in 1821 was between 27 and 38.


A Jane Groves b. c. 1784 married a George Blackburn b. c. 1785 in Wicklow  about 1804. There is also  a recorded birth of another George Blackburn in 1805 - but ? in this parish. I think it is fair to conjecture that Jane Groves was a sister of JOHN GROVES.  The George-Jane Blackburn family are said to have migrated first to Ramsay Township Lanark County Ontario and then to Manitoba. In fact, they had at least two children at Aghold - Margaret Blackburn in 1818 who  married (1839) John McClelland , settling at Con. 3 Lot 23 Kitley Twp. - and Jane Blackburn who m. James Williscroft. This suggests that  Mary (Codd) and George Blackburn  were brother and sister  - further suggesting that Mary's father was named George, as well (although, no evidence has surfaced to support this).  If so, this could explain George and Mary naming their first son George - after Mary's father first- and after his father George - second.

Looking at the tenants at Aghowle Townland in 1839, one also sees a Peter Blackburn b. 1795,  right next to an entry for Mrs. Mary Coe (who was Mary GROVES, - b. 1774 (
  Samuel Coe married Mary Groves January 11, 1794) - either a sister of John Groves or possibly a niece) and three Coe sons - John, Thomas and Samuel - additionally making it likely that Aghowle Upper was the seat of the Blackburn family from which Mary Blackburn came.

Just out of interest, we also see in  the Aghowle Tenants List of 1827 (see link above) Mrs. Elizabeth Astleford age 80 - who would have been the widow of  Samuel Astleford - and mother of ELLEN (Astleford) GROVES. - and next to her on one side William Dowling who m. her daughter, Anne Astleford, while in the other side - Mrs. Leybourne - who would have been the mother of William who married her other daughter  - Margaret Astleford.

UNSOLVED CODD MYSTERIES FROM THIS ERA

1.)  It still remains unclear, though somewhat less so, who were the parents of George Codd who came to Kitley Twp. in 1832.

Conjecture About George Codd m. Mary Blackburn (Brian)

First, we have compelling evidence above that George Codd (Mary Blackburn) was from Aghowle Townland. While biographers of GEORGE CODD (Mary Blackburn) suggest that he was b.c. 1783, IGI suggests a date as late as 1794 and a marriage in 1811 (he would have been 17). We have a date for the birth of a first son, George Sept. 6th 1812 in the Codd records from Aghold - then, second sonAbraham b. Aug. 10 1818, and third sonWilliam b. July 29 1821. Daughters were first daughter, Catherine (c. 1811) and Jane (? birth date). While it reminds unclear who George's parents were, the following are (among the) candidates:

1) William  Codd b. 1765 (son of John Codd and Mary Singleton) and Catherine ________ married 1794, daughter Mary 1795 and no other recorded children. (George/Mary's daughter Catherine married William Singleton). Mary Codd of this marriage could have been the wife of Joseph Codd.(no evidence) It has been firmly held in  family circles that she was a Codd as well.

2.) George Codd b. 1767, son of George (James-Ann) and Rachel (John-Mary) Codd


3.) Abraham Codd b. 1770 - another son of George and Rachel Codd  (family unknown).

If one follows the Irish Naming Pattern of naming children after their grandparents, the most likely current candidates for George's parents appear to be William and Catherine Codd. The George Codd who paid tithes on  acres in Aghowle was referred to in the Tithes Allotment as George William Codd. RESEARCH TO BE DONE: This needs to be fleshed out further.

At the very least, it is clear that Mary Blackburn
was already linked to the GROVES family (her brother marrying George Blackburn, who had married Jane Groves.) When George Codd paid the Groves leasehold, after John's death in 1819 - he was doing so for one of his wife's family.


George and Mary Codd/Coad emigrated to Kitley Twp. in 1832, locating close to William Dack and his wife  Jane Codd (George and Rachel). Perhaps Jane was Georg's aunt?

Richard Codd, chr. 1 Oct 1812 at St. Michael's - son of Thomas Codd/Coad (1773-1852) and Lady Elizabeth Twamley (1774 or 1778 - 1839 ). Richard (christened St. Michael's in 1813) moved from the homestead (Lanark Twp.) on marrying MARY JAMES, daughter of Thomas James and Elizabeth Groves in 1841.

Richard
purchased part of Con. 4 Lot. 17 in Kitley from William Code m. Ann Wilton), and later (1853) led several others to settle East Wawanosh (near Lake Huron). Joseph Codd and his wife Mary lived nearby in Kitley Twp., as did Daniel and Ann Hunt (Con. 5 Lot 18). Ann  is the Ann Groves b. 1796 and was another daughter of  John and Margaret  Groves. Ann lived with either George Codd (1784 to as late as 1794-1853) /Mary Blackburn or their son, George Coad (1818-1904) and his wife Esther Johnston,  after Daniel's death.



Astleford-Codd Connection

SAMUEL ASTLEFORD was born in 1722 at Aghold and died in 1822. His parents were SAMUEL and CHARLOTTE, and his 1st wife (1752) was HANNAH. They had at least one son, THOMAS ASTLEFORD, who had a near brush with death during the Rebellion of 1798


His second wife (1781) at age 59 was ELIZABETH ________ (1758-1840). Significantly, a MARY ASTLEFORD married JOHN CODD b. 1727 - also in 1752. Was she Samuel's sister. I would think so!

The eight known children each married into a mainstream Aghold Church of Ireland family.

1.) MARY ASTLEFORD (1792) m. JOHN VALENTINE
2.) ELIZABETH ASTLEFORD (1784) m. JOHN CUMMINS.
3.) WILLIAM ASTLEFORD (1787)
4.) MARGARET ASTLEFORD m. (1815) WILLIAM LEYBOURNE. They are the parents of JANE LEYBOURNE who married JOHN CODD in 1843 who farmed at Munahullen and kept in touch by letter with his brothers "Sailor Bill" CODE and "Tanner Joe" Code who came to North Elmsley Twp. Lanark County, in the 1850's.
5.) ELLEN (1792) m. JOHN GROVES
6.) HANNAH ASTLEFORD (1793) m. GEORGE CODD (son SAMUEL 1823)
7.) ANNE ASTLEFORD (1795) m. WILLIAM DOWLING
8.) AMELIA ASTLEFORD (1800) m. JOHN BYRNE.


The Rest of The Codds of Aghold

After following up what leads I had, I was left with 8 Codd families, comprised of 33 individuals -  from the period between 1806 and 1828 which I could not place or even suggest a connection. I present them to you as a challenge. I see the need for files dated 1785 to 1805 from Tullowphelim and to a lesser extent St. Mullins to fill in the obvious holes.  Lacking records from the last decade of the 18th century makes the task  painstaking - but not impossible.  If you have records to add - or spot mistakes I have made - please let me know and I will try to keep  this page current with what I get.



Of the eight families above, Joseph Codd of Aghold married Eleanor Codd of Carnew Parish in 1811 - who was almost certainly a daughter of Thomas Codd of Ballingate. The other Aghold-Carnew marriage in this era was Rachel Codd of Aghold m. Joseph of Carnew, again a likley son of Thomas. Were Joseph and  Rachel  of Aghold brother and sister? The first son in each marriage was named John. As has been seen, missing birth records for Joseph and Rachel b. 1796 at Aghold would be muchly appreciated.


SUMMARY: Has constructing this page moved us closer to the goal of placing the Codds of Aghold Parish in some sort of order? As usual, more questions than answers are generated, but if one sees this as a tree on which one still has to paste on some leaves, one can consider it a work-in-progress. I apologize (sort of) to those purists who would not put up material unless it was backed up by actual records - not just reports of records.

I remain stymied by the identities of the uncharted Codds at Mullahullen - where my forebear Thomas Codd (1773-1852) was born. Here we see, in the Fitzwilliam Records William, Thomas and George as renters in 1824. Later, also derived from the Fitzwilliam Records in 1839 - we see Abraham age 60 (b. 1779-80) and Elizabeth Codd age 55 (b.c. 1784). Abraham is most likely to be Abraham son of Abraham and Mary Twamley, on account of his age. Looking at the 1824-5 Tithe Roll we do see Abraham in 1824 as Abel Codd (12 acres), Thomas Codd 8 acres, and George Codd 4 acres. In the Griffiths Evaluation of 1853 - we see John of Munny - and Abel of Munahullen - and John of Munahullen (who must be the John who married Jane Leybourn). Ergo - the Thomas seen in 1824 and not seen 1839 is likely John's father - Thomas - or else, less likely, his brother Thomas. Elizabeth Codd (b. 1784), seen in the 1839 Fitzwilliam Records could have been John's mother. It makes me wonder whether the Elizabeth Codd b. 1817 (bapt. July 13 1817) to a Thomas and Elizabeth Codd, could have been a sister to John and the others. In fact, with the conjectured Thomas b. 1793 to Thomas and Elizabeth - who also married an Elizabeth -  may be an explanation for the above entries.



I do not want to muddy the waters here any more than I have above. I know that Nicholas, son of John and Ann was given a lease between 1808 and 1834 - so someone from this family should be evident among the renters. But we see no further mention of Nicholas Codd at Aghold beyond his birth (Aug. 8 1795). Who is George? Is he George b. 1767 - brother of John? And how did Thomas come to get a lease at Munahullen? And who was he? As usual, more questions than answers. But that's the genealogy game.

UNSOLVED CODD MYSTERIES FROM THIS ERA

1.) William Codd who was recorded in the Fitzwilliam records in 1824 at Munahullen remains a mystery. He does not appear in the Tithe Roll of the same dates. He is no longer there in 1839. We see two William Codd marriages in this era - see the "strays" above - William and Bridget and William and Ann. - the first with a birth (Joseph)  in 1824 - and the second with a birth in 1828. Was he, as it seems likely, the William who showed up at Kitley in 1824 - and if so, where did he and his family disappear to by the Kitley 1849 Census?

2.) Thomas Codd of Mullahullen remains a mystery in terms of his family origins. My sense of it is that this Thomas is one of two possiblt Thomas's - neither of whom have a currently available birth record - the firsr being Thomas son of Thomas of Rath (1778-1853) and the second being Thomas the son of Thomas 1767-1840 of Carnew. To visit a page where I investigate these possibilities further click HERE.

3.) George Codd of Mullahullen is seen in 1824 but not in 1839. There are no George Codds in my records who are having families during this period except Goerge who married Mary Blackburn and who already is seen as George William in Aghowle Lower.  Did he have a property under rental which partly existed in Aghowe Lower and partly in Munahullen? A long shot at best.


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